Linux使用笔记

Posted by wsxq2 on 2019-08-24
TAGS:  Linux使用笔记TODO

本文最后一次编辑时间:2019-12-02 11:50:08 +0800

本文是笔者使用 Linux 过程中的一些总结

Unix file types

参见 Unix file types - Wikipedia

Linux 磁盘管理

参见 Linux磁盘管理

Linux 网络管理

monitor network traffic?

使用 nload(以 CentOS 为例):

1
yum -y install nload

安装好后执行nload命令即可:

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
# nload --help

nload version 0.7.4
Copyright (C) 2001 - 2012 by Roland Riegel <feedback@roland-riegel.de>
nload comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY. This is free software, and you are
welcome to redistribute it under certain conditions. For more details see the
GNU General Public License Version 2 (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/gpl.html).

Command line syntax:
nload [options] [devices]
nload --help|-h

Options:
-a period       Sets the length in seconds of the time window for average
                calculation.
                Default is 300.
-i max_scaling  Specifies the 100% mark in kBit/s of the graph indicating the
                incoming bandwidth usage. Ignored if max_scaling is 0 or the
                switch -m is given.
                Default is 10240.
-m              Show multiple devices at a time; no traffic graphs.
-o max_scaling  Same as -i but for the graph indicating the outgoing bandwidth
                usage.
                Default is 10240.
-t interval     Determines the refresh interval of the display in milliseconds.
                Default is 500.
-u h|b|k|m|g    Sets the type of unit used for the display of traffic numbers.
   H|B|K|M|G    h: auto, b: Bit/s, k: kBit/s, m: MBit/s etc.
                H: auto, B: Byte/s, K: kByte/s, M: MByte/s etc.
                Default is h.
-U h|b|k|m|g    Same as -u, but for a total amount of data (without "/s").
   H|B|K|M|G    Default is H.
devices         Network devices to use.
                Default is to use all auto-detected devices.
--help
-h              Print this help.

example: nload -t 200 -i 1024 -o 128 -U M

The options above can also be changed at run time by pressing the 'F2' key.

性能监控

top uptime free

top

参见 linux的top命令参数详解 - ggjucheng - 博客园

服务管理

CentOS

chkconfig

systemctl

Ubuntu

update-rc.d

systemctl

链接

下面总结了本文中使用的所有链接: